Literacy in India – The development of education system in India shows a major growth in past decade. According to the latest report of National Literacy Rate is 76%. The youth literacy rate (15-24 yrs) in India is 81.1% (84.5% among the Males and 74.5% among the females). Kerela bags the first position for State with highest literacy rate in India.
Due to India socio-economic environment, the gender gap in literacy rate is too high in Rajasthan, where average literacy rate among females is 53% and among males 82%. According to the Data of Ministry of HRD (India), Times Graduates list down here some important points which reflecting the improvement of the education system in India.
Improvements to the Education System in India.
Growth of Institutions
The total number of schools including primary, secondary and senior secondary education is 1516865. The total number of universities is 760 (including Central, State deemed, private and others). And, Total 38498 Colleges in India are running successfully.
Growth in Universities and Colleges in India (2008-2016)
|State Private Universities||14||235||1579%|
|Institutions Deemed to be Universities||103||123||19%|
Source: UGC, India
Enrollment of Student Level Wise
As per census 2011, 58% enrolled for pre-primary, 93% for primary, 69% for secondary and 25% enrolled in tertiary education. In session 2014-2015, 1305 Lakhs of students enrolled for primary, 672 Lakhs for upper primary, 383 Lakhs for secondary, 235 for senior secondary, 342 for enrolled for higher education.
Foreign Students in India for Higher Studies
In recent years, a large number of foreign students attracted for higher studies in India. In session 2014-2015, Total 42293 numbers of students residing in India for Higher Education. The students from the top 11 countries are Nepal, Afganistan, Bhutan, Sudan, Nigeria, Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Iran, Iraq, UAE and United States.
Expenditure in Education
In Session 2013-2014, the total expenditure on boosting education by education and other departments (including Central/State/UT) is INR 465142.80 Crores which is the 4.13% of total GDP of India.
Education Market Value
In FY 2015-16, the education market was worth about US$ 100 billion and is expected to reach US$ 116.4 billion in FY 2016-17. At present, the higher education sector witnesses spending of over Rs 46,200 crore (US$ 6.93 billion), and it is expected to grow at an average annual rate of over 18 percent to reach Rs 232,500 crore (US$ 34.87 billion) in next 10 years.